Stilt Sandpipers are uncommon, mid-sized shorebirds who nest in the tundra of northern Canada and Alaska. In New England, they're most often observed in July, August, and September, as they stop over to forage in shallow, standing water at both coastal and inland sites.
Stilt Sandpipers often feed by probing their bills into mud in sewing-machine-like fashion, much like dowitchers, or picking food off the surface like Lesser Yellowlegs. But whereas dowitchers have long, straight bills, and Lesser Yellowlegs have short, straight bills, Stilt Sandpipers have medium-length bills with an obvious droop, much like Dunlin.
To learn more about these waders with yellow-green legs, visit All About Birds. To view the following images in full-size, click here.
Black-legged Kittiwakes are gulls of the open ocean. To see them in New England, I recommend sea-watching with a decent spotting scope or birding by boat, especially during the colder months of the year. In summer, they gather in colonies to our north, where they build their nests on cliff faces.
Smaller than a Ring-billed and larger than a Bonaparte's, a Black-legged Kittiwake is about the same length as a Laughing Gull. Adults have an unmarked yellow bill, black wing-tips lacking white windows, and, of course, black legs.
To learn more about these ocean-going gulls, visit All About Birds. To view the following images in full-size, click here.
Hudsonian Godwits are large shorebirds with long, slightly upturned bills that are pink or orange near the base. In flight or when preening, they show a black tail, a white rump, and dark underwing coverts, features not shared by the slightly larger and longer-billed Marbled Godwit.
In late spring and early summer, Hudsonian Godwits breed in parts of Canada and Alaska, timing their efforts with the abundance of invertebrate species available during the green season. By late summer, adults head south (followed later by juvenile birds), with some touching down at select sites in New England, like flooded fields, coastal beaches, marshes, and mud flats, before continuing on to southern South America (many more are thought to fly non-stop for several days from Canada over the Atlantic Ocean to South America). Having experienced part of summer in the far north, those that successfully complete their incredible journey get to experience summer in the southern hemisphere as well.
To learn more about Hudsonian Godwits, visit All About Birds. To view the following images in full-size, click here.
For the 5th year since 2011 (and the 3rd year in a row), a rare Little Egret has been observed in southern coastal Maine. First reported this year on July 11th, I tried several times over the next two weeks to find the bird, who looks very much like a Snowy Egret, but kept coming up empty. Finally on July 25th, thanks in large part to the reports of other birders, I managed to locate the bird with 9 Snowy Egrets near the north meadow blind at Gilsland Farm in Falmouth.
To learn more about this white wading bird, read How to see a Little Egret by Doug Hitchcox. To view the following images in full-size, click here.
A bright, red-orange bill and bubblegum colored legs make American Oystercatchers one of the easiest New England shorebirds to identify. Being easy to identify, however, doesn't mean they're easy to find. American Oystercatchers are listed as a species of special concern in Maine, which is the northern edge of their Atlantic coast range, with only 4 to 8 nesting pairs in the entire state.* If you live in coastal New England, or plan to visit this summer, and want a chance at finding an American Oystercatcher, help narrow your search by checking out recent sightings on eBird. Governed by rising and falling tides, American Oystercatchers forage at lower tides on mudflats, beaches, and shellfish beds. During high tide, they roost on islands or in coastal dunes.
To learn more about these large, bivalve-eating, pink-legged shorebirds, visit All About Birds. To view the following images in full-size, click here.
Black-bellied Plover (left) and adult American Oystercatcher